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法律英语实用案例两则

2017-02-10 11:39法律教育网 纠错

Armory v. Delamirie

(1722) 1 Strange 5O5; 93 E.R. 664 (Court of King’s Bench)

The plaintiff being a chimney sweeper’s boy found a jewel and carried it to the defendant’s shop (who was a goldsmith) to know what it was, and delivered it into the hands of the apprentice, who under pretence of weighing it, took out the stones, and calling to the master to let him know it came to three halfpence, the master offered the boy the money, who refused to take it, and insisted to have the thing again; whereupon the apprentice delivered him back the socket without the stones. And now in trover against the master these points were ruled:

1. That the finder of a jewel, though he does not by such finding acquire an absolute property or ownership, yet he has such a property as will enable him to keep it against all but the rightful owner, and subsequently may maintain trover.

2. That the action well lay against the master, who gives a credit to his apprentice, and is answerable for his neglect.

3. As to the value of the jewel several of the trade were examined to prove what a jewel of the finest water that would fit the socket would be worth; and the Chief Justice directed the jury, that unless the defendant did produce the jewel, and shew it not to be of the finest water, they should presume the strongest case against him, and make the value of the best jewels the measure of their damages: which they accordingly did.

Carpenter v. Double R. Cattle Co.

701 P.2d 222 (Idaho 1985)

Dissenting Justice Bistline found a nuisance:

We have before us homeowners complaining of a nearby feedlot—not a small operation, but one which holds 9,000 cattle. The homeowners claim that the odor, manure, dust, insect infestation and increased concentration of birds constituted a nuisance. If the odoriferous quagmire created by 9,000 head of cattle is not a nuisance, it is difficult to imagine what is. While it may be desirable to have a serious nuisance continue because the utility of the operation causing the nuisance is great, those directly impacted by the serious nuisance deserve some compensation for the invasion they suffer as a result of the continuation. This is exactly what the more progressive provision of §826 (b) of the Restatement (Second) of Torts address. What §826(b) adds is a method of compensating those who must suffer the invasion without putting out of business the source or cause of the invasion. The fairness of it is overwhelming.

The majority disagreed and held that defendant’s cattle feedlot did not constitute a nuisance. The majority rejected subsection(b), Section 826, of the Restatement (Second) of Torts, which permits a finding of nuisance even though the gravity of harm is outweighed by the utility of the conduct if the harm is “serious” and the payment of damages is “feasible” without forcing the business to discontinue.

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